Are you sometimes choked when you eat something?
This seems like a casual symptom, but can be a warning of Aspiration Pneumonia.
Aspiration pneumonia is caused by accidental swallowing.
Accidental swallowing is the condition that swallowed things go into the air way by the lowering of swallowing strength. If the accidental swallowing is repeated, bacteria invading the lung increases, causing aspiration pneumonia and resulting in death in the worst case.
Why does swallowing strength lower?
A brain disease causes the lowering of swallowing strength.
A lot of people die due to aspiration pneumonia before they notice the cause of the lowering of swallowing strength is a brain disease.
But after a care receiver increased the secretion of substance to raise swallowing strength, her swallowing strength was activated by 2 to 4 times and became normal level.
So if you can increase the substance to raise swallowing strength, you don’t need to be afraid of aspiration pneumonia.
How can we increase the substance to raise swallowing strength?
Because there is no method to cure the lowering of swallowing strength, aspiration pneumonia often repeatedly happens and becomes serious condition. So it is important not to lower swallowing strength.
The substance to raise swallowing strength is Substance P.
Substance P is a type of neurotransmitter existing in various nerves in the body and transmits the information such as pain to the brain.
According to the recent research, people with a lot of substance P have normal swallowing strength, while people with a little substance P have low swallowing strength.
Substance P detects food when it comes the throat, transmits signal to the brain or spinal cord and closes the lid of the air way quickly, preventing food from going into the air.
But if the amount of substance P is not normal, food is not detected quickly and the lid of the air way is closed slowly or not closed, and some of the food goes into the air way, resulting in aspiration pneumonia.
What is a brain disease to lower swallowing strength?
If you can’t swallow saliva 6imes within 30 seconds, it is considered that the swallowing strength is weak and the weakness can be related to a brain disease.
A brain disease lowering the swallowing strength is stroke (cerebral infarction).
Stroke (cerebral infarction) is a disease that blood clots produced by unbalanced eating habit block the blood vessel in the brain, causing brain damage and resulting in death in the serious case.
But stroke related to the lowering of swallowing strength often happens in a small blood vessel in the brain, so the brain damage is very limited small area and there is no subjective symptom, which is called asymptomatic cerebral infarction.
According to the recent research, asymptomatic cerebral infarction is related to the lowering of swallowing strength that causes aspiration pneumonia.
Asymptomatic cerebral infarction tends to happen in a small blood vessel in the center of the brain where material of substance P is produced. Small stroke in the center of the brain decreases the production of the material for substance P, lowering swallowing strength and causing aspiration pneumonia. (Fig. )
Heightening swallowing strength with a food to increase Substance P
A 75 years old female who was choked when she eats something and had small asymptomatic cerebral infarction attended an experiment. She complained that she felt uncomfortable when she swallowed food, which could be related to unsmooth movement of the lid of the air way.
Capsaicin is pungent component which is contained in chili pepper.
According to a recent research, a person whose swallowing strength became weak took 4.5 micrograms per day of capsaicin, which is less than a shake of chili pepper in a small bottle. 1 month later the swallowing strength was activated to 2 times.
When capsaicin is taken, substance P at the nerve of the throat detects the stimulation. Therefore, increasing the stimulation of capsaicin activates and increases substance P. As a result, neurotransmission to the brain becomes smoother and the swallowing strength becomes stronger.
Black pepper also has the same effect.
The 75 years old female took capsaicin and black pepper as much as she liked for 5 days.
5 days later her substance P became 326 (pg/ml) from 262 (pg/ml).
Her swallowing strength was tested by x-ray. Before the experiment, when she swallowed food, some of the food remained above the lid of the air way because the speed of closing the lid was slow, that made uncomfortable feeling when she ate something. After the experiment, there was nothing left on the lid when she ate something. That proved her swallowing strength was also improved.
If you feel uncomfortable when you swallow something, please try to take capsaicin and black pepper.
This Blog is for a memo of my clinical realizations, information about health I have learned recently and update information.