There are valves in veins. If the valves work properly, blood in your legs goes up without returning. But if the valves in your legs are broken, blood can’t go up and returns to your legs. Water in blood oozes out into your legs, causing swelling and tiredness in your legs. Cramps of the legs at night are related to being unable to send back waste properly.
Broken valves will not recover.
If the broken valves are left as they are, other valves will be broken and the damage will spread out, leading to the lower extremity varicose vein and inflammation of the skin.
What is the solution?
If you stand for a long time, blood tends to build up in the lower part of the legs and the veins become larger making a gap in valves which should be closed. More blood falls down damaging the valves, resulting in the deformation of the valves. Therefore, the problem is the enlargement of the veins. Wearing compression stockings tightens up the vein, decreasing the gap in valves. If the condition is in an early stage, it is expected that the broken valves will be fixed by wearing the stockings.
How do you know if the valves of your legs are broken or not?
How to find backflow of veins:
1. Stand – if you stand, blood stays in your lower body and the vein with broken valves floats up on the skin.
2. Wait for a minute – it takes about a minute for blood to build up.
3. Touch – even if veins with broken valves are located somewhere difficult to find with your eyes, touching makes finding the swelling of the vein easier.
If you find swelling of veins (varicose veins) or thin red web-like lines of blood vessels (spider veins), there is backflow of veins. In that case, get and try compression stockings with variable pressure gradients.
If the condition is severe, there is a laser surgery for varicose veins. Heat from a laser heats up the inside of varicose veins and closes them. Blood flows in the other veins.