Our body has a rhythm. We sleep at night, wake up in the morning and carry out activities in the daytime. Without taking meals in accordance with the rhythm, we can’t maintain our health. It is called Time Nutrition Science.
The way not to gain weight with eating snacks is paying attention to the time you eat snacks.
Our body is equipped with Biological Clock that an innate mechanism of the body that regulates its rhythmic and periodic cycles, as that of sleeping and waking. Using this mechanism, you don’t gain weight if you eat meals at the time when is hard to gain weight.
In the field of Time Nutrition Science, a substance is attracting attention. The substance is Bmal 1 that is a type of protein. By the action of Bmal 1, fat is made synthetically from the energy of food. The action of Baml 1 gradually increases from 4 pm and the peak time is midnight and the action gradually decreases in the morning.
People consume the energy by the activities in the daytime and try to store the energy during the night to do activities the next day. Bmal 1 controls this mechanism. Bmal 1 starts to be active at 4 pm and the activity peaks late at night. On the other hand, Bmal 1 is not active around noon time. Therefore, if you eat snacks between 10 am and 3 pm, you are unlikely to gain weight.
There is an experiment about the relationship between time to eat and weight gain.
Which do you think easily gains weight?
33 female college students ate 3 meals a day which had 500 kcal per meal according to the following time schedule.
Morning Type: 7 AM, 1 PM, 7 PM
Evening Type: 1 PM, 7 PM, 1 AM
As a result, the generated energies with the meals at 1 PM and 7 PM were almost the same, but the generated energy with the meal at 7 AM was 4 times more than the one at 1 AM (Fig. 1and 2).
This means that 3 quarters which was not generated as energy (heat) became fat. Even if you have same meals, if you have it in the morning, it becomes your energy, but if you have it at midnight, it becomes fat.
By the action of Bmal 1, the meal taken late at night easily becomes fat.
When you want to eat snacks, eat them between 10 am and 3 pm if you don’t want to gain weight.